Consultants Jon R. Katzenbach and Douglas K. Smith provide a solid definition of “team” in The Wisdom of Teams: Creating the High-Performance Organization (HarperBusiness, 2006):
“A team is a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals, and an approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable.”
Teams can be composed of 3 to 20+ members, but there’s often an ideal number: around 10–12, depending on the nature of the project. They can, and should, be diverse to benefit from multiple perspectives, skills and knowledge.
Management professors Vanessa Urch Druskat, PhD, and Steven B. Wolff, PhD, identify three conditions essential to group effectiveness in “Building the Emotional Intelligence of Groups” (Harvard Business Review, March 2001):
- Trust among members
- A sense of group identity
- A sense of group efficacy
When working well, teams have definite advantages:
- Improved information-sharing
- Better decisions, products and services
- Higher employee motivation and engagement
What separates the good from the mediocre? What makes a great team? Have you worked in a particularly effective team? I’m curious as to what has made the difference for you. Here’s some basic information on this.
When a team first forms, members need to identify their common goals and purpose. They can formalize their mission in a meeting that identifies these basic organizational issues:
- Core purpose
- Core values
- Business definition
- Individual strengths each member brings to the table.
- Roles and responsibilities
Team members must have a shared understanding of these areas of the business before they define their purpose. Without this foundation, group cohesiveness is more difficult to achieve.
Next, team members should list what they intend to achieve as a group. This goal should be qualitative rather than quantitative. It’s an over-arching purpose for the team to exist. It’s the compelling glue that drives the team forward in face of challenges.
What’s your experience been with teams? Have they had all of the elements listed above? I’d love to hear from you, leave a comment.